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Malaya Historical Group :: MHG
Aviation and Military Archaeology may cover almost any form of research into or collecting of artifacts connected with the history of aviation and military relics.

If you have any information about any war relics and air wrecks in our country, please send an email to me malayahg@gmail


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WW2 Places
Kedah Jitra
Major battle site littered with pillboxes strewn in a wide area from Jitra down to Alor Setar. The pillbox is used to protect Alor Setar airfield but in December 1941, all of these were submerged under water due to tropical rains and it hampered British 11th Indian Division defences when Japanese started their attack from Thai-Malay borders.

Asun. A small peaceful town but in 11/12/1941, 2/1st Gurkhas were overrun here. A small platoon of 2/1st Gurkhas managed to stop Japanese tanks using their Boys A/T rifles.


Changlun. A major point of Japanese to run south and captured Jitra. A small detachment of 1/14 Punjab were overrun when Japanese tanks penetrate their anti-tank defences under heavy rain.


Jitra Lines located 5 miles north of Jitra where Japanese tanks penetrated this position at 11/12/1941.
Jitra town. A busy town but in 1941, it was littered with abandoned British equipment and guns.

After crossed the border and repaired demolished road and bridges, 1st Tank Regiment under Lieutenant Colonel Saeki attacked 1/14th Punjab position on December 10, at Changlun where the attack was repulsed. Second flanking attack on December 11, forced the Punjabs to retreat to Gurkhas position north of Asun. In heavy downpour, Japanese tanks made surprised attack on the Punjabs before proceed to Asun.

At Asun, the Gurkhas had no anti-tank guns and they failed to blow the bridge but managed to destroy 2 of the tanks before being flanked by the Japanese at both direction and broke the defence lines. Most of the 2/1st Gurkhas were captured and the road to Jitra was wide open

Saeki Detachment sped down to 11th Division defence line at Jitra where two British Brigades waiting for them. On the night of January 11, Japanese started their frontal attack at 2/9th Jats Regiment position east of the flank where Japanese tanks made their attack on the main road forcing their way between the two Brigades with light blazing and before being stopped by anti-tank guns.

Saeki ordered his men to attacked 1st Leicester and Jats position without success. With fresh reinforcement from 11th and 41st Infanty Regiment, Saeki resumed the attack which succeed to isolate D Company of Jats Regiment leaving a gap between the company and Leicester position. The Leicester attempt to close the gap but failed. Another counter attack made by two companies of 1/18 Punjab failed to close in to D Company which later running out of ammunition and overrun by the Japanese.

On December 12, Major General Murray-Lyon requested retreated south to Gurun where General Percival finally agreed. Another Japanese attack at Sungai Bata bridge was repulsed by 2/2nd Gurkhas Rifles before withdrew. On December 13, 11th Indian Division were ordered to withdraw to south bank of the River Kedah at Alor Star.

A lone pillbox still guarding a road to Alor Setar and it is still submerged under water
Another pillbox guarding a road and alor setar airfield but also submerged.


Located 30miles south of Jitra, Gurun was chosen as a second defence line for British. Gurun lay strategically important to British since it was a major line down to Malay peninsular. During the battle,  Japanese managed to ambush 2nd East Surreys & 6th Indian Brigade HQ which their commanding officers and staff were killed in the attack. British abandoned Gurun and speed down to Sungai Muda for another defence preparations.

Gurun. Another disaster for British 11th Indian Division.
Gurun. Where Japanese make a flanking move ambushing and killing 6th Indian Brigade & 2nd East Surreys HQ staff together with their commanding officers.


Sungai Petani
Sungai Petani had another airfield and protect by several pillboxes. Did have significant role to British but was abandoned when Gurun fell to Japanese.
Sungai Petani's Pillboxes   


    Alor Setar
A major town for State of Kedah, Alor Setar was undefended when Jitra fell. Most of the British forces retreated south of Sungai Kedah leaving Alor Setar to its fate. Most of street fighting between Japanese and retreating British forced occured and some of them were trapped when a railway bridge was demolished.

Sungai Kedah where most retreating British were dug in on the left side riverbanks.
Remnants of bridge which demolished by British still found near Sungai Kedah

Merbau Pulas
Battle action at Merbau Pulas Bridge. On 16th December, Brigadier Paris ordered 5/2nd Punjab Battalion under Lt. Col. Cecil Deakin to hold a bridge north of Merbau Pulas town. The bridge was ready for demolition and Deakin with his subedar-major (sergeant-major) and three signallers were standing at the bridge’s southern end waiting in case any stragglers turned up before the bridge was blown at first light. Suddenly they were rushed by Japanese infantry covered with mortars and machine gun fire. Denkin stood his ground and charged back at the Japanese killing 3 of the Japanese with the help of his subedar-major and the three signallers. The Japanese fled and the bridge was the blown up






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